Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. You may find one of our health articles more useful. Rectal examination is an important part of the abdominal examination and genitourinary examination. It is important in examining for gastrointestinal disease but also for the detection of disease in other pelvic organs.
Digital Rectal Exam
Digital Rectal Exam: Purpose, Procedure, and Preparation
The digital rectal examination is a relatively simple medical procedure. The patient undresses and is then placed in a position where the anus is accessible lying on the side, squatting on the examination table, bent over it, or lying down with feet in stirrups. If the patient bends over the examination table or the back of a chair, the physician will have him place his elbows on the table and squat down slightly. The physician spreads the buttocks apart and will usually examine the external area anus and perineum for any abnormalities such as hemorrhoids , lumps, or rashes.
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The rectal exam is important to make sure causes of rectal bleeding such as hemorrhoids are not missed. Additionally, understanding how to palpate the prostate gland is important for looking for cancer and diagnosis prostatitis. A rectal exam should be performed on most patients with abdominal pain and any concern for blood loss. Here, we review some important steps of a compete rectal exam. The 25 The 25 Visit the